What are the main tasks in the career planning process?
- To learn about self. Students need to identify their interests, personality characteristics, skills, values, internal influences, and external influences.
- To learn about options. Students need to learn about occupations, educational requirements, job performance requirements, job outlook, application processes, job openings, and networking.
- To be prepared for action. Students need to write resumes and cover letters, practice their interviewing skills, etc.
- To take action by participating in internships, obtaining employment, and seeking additional education.
- Decision-making is the heart of the career planning process. Students need to learn how to identify the decisions to be made, gather information, weigh the evidence, choose among alternatives, take action, and review their decisions.
What skills and characteristics do employers look for?
What are the risks or benefits of majoring in an “obscure” or “impractical” field?
How can I best assist my child with his/her career development?
- Provide emotional support and communicate warmth
- Express confidence in students’ abilities and offer encouragement
- Allow students to have and express their own opinions and desires
- Support students as they make their own decisions
- Maintain appropriate boundaries by not being too controlling or too detached
Source: Whiston, S.C., & Keller, B.K. (2004). The influences of the family of origin on career development: A review and analysis. The Counseling Psychologist, 32, 493-568.